(MENAFN - Arab Times) Ahmed Al-Jarallah Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times
THE Republic of Sudan
is described as the food basket of the Arab world and the mine for minerals
which make it qualified to be a wealthy country, yet its people are starving
due to the absence of proper administration as a result of a series of coups –
11 in a span of 62 years.
This is the history of
such a major Arab country and its tensions which led to division. South Sudan
separated from the North when the rebellion movement emerged in the region of
Darfur demanding for independence.
Throughout the past
six decades, Sudan has not enjoyed political independence due to internal
conflict over power; leading to the deterioration of its economy, and
eventually, a pile of problems which are difficult to solve due to strong
desire for power among various factions.
General Ibrahim Aboud
came to power after overthrowing a civilian rule which ended through the
revolution slogans adopted by the then Egyptian President Jamal Abdul-Nasser
who sparked the start of instability in the Arab world. Khartoum entered the
tunnel of crises since then.
This country lost a
historic opportunity to transform into an Arab economic power due to the fact
that the overthrowing military officers were forced by conflict among
themselves to take certain positions. Amid this atmosphere, Al-Numeiri toppled
his colleague Abdou. From there, other coups followed and then turned into
In the 1980s, the Arab
leaders agreed during one of the Arab League summits to support Sudan by
granting it $4 billion in order to improve its infrastructure and execute major
agricultural projects which would enable the country to be self-sufficient in
terms of food and to cater for the needs of the Arab world.
This project died even
before it was born due to the populist uprising which led to the toppling of
the regime at the time, ushering in the military rule under Field Marshal Abdel
Rahman Suwar Al-Dahab.
In addition, Sudan was
living on a hot plate of international and regional interference which
transformed it into a tension epicenter. This is due to the acts of dirty hands
that strived to preoccupy the entire Arab world with internal tensions by
taking advantage of the bad living standards on one hand, and political
contradictions on the other hand.
These hands managed to
sneak in and grab power. Shamelessly, Sudan became their headquarters; exactly
the same as how Sudan became the base of the late Osama bin Laden a quarter of
a decade ago, from which he launched his terrorism scheme.
history, Sudan has been repelling investors even among its own people; thereby,
intensifying the economic crisis it has been suffering from for the last six
Anyone who has been
observing the Sudanese condition will realize how difficult the last three
decades have been, especially with the fight in the South and the international
position in the North. Despite all that, its leadership attempted to exit from
the bottleneck with minimum loss with a glimpse of the new economic era.
was blown by the wind due to the new crisis fueled by regional and international
interference with the objective of pushing this country into the furnace of
contributes to the fierce conflict over major partisan diversity based on
tribalism on one hand, and regional partisan affiliations on the other hand.
In case the current
uprising succeeds, any faction that takes power will find itself in an armed
confrontation with the remaining factions because the lust for power is far
greater than the nation's stability.
This might lead to a
new civil war between various political groups over who should lead the
protests and use them to serve personal interests.
By Ahmed Al-Jarallah
Editor-in-Chief, the Arab Times