The leaders of the Brics (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and
South Africa) grouping on Thursday discussed the Ukraine conflict
and the situation in Afghanistan, and stressed the need to
peacefully resolve disputes and to respect the sovereignty and
territorial integrity of all states, Trend reports citing Hindustan Times .
As part of efforts to reform the multilateral system, the
leaders – Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Brazil President Jair
Bolsonaro, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Chinese President Xi
Jinping, and South African President Cyril Ramaphosa – agreed to
strengthen capacities to respond to new and emerging challenges,
including terrorism, money laundering, and fake news.
A declaration issued at the end of the virtual Brics Summit
hosted by China said the leaders supported talks between Russia and
Ukraine and discussed concerns over the humanitarian situation in
and around the eastern European country.
“We commit to respect the sovereignty and territorial integrity
of all states, stress our commitment to the peaceful resolution of
differences and disputes between countries through dialogue and
consultation, support all efforts conducive to the peaceful
settlement of crises,” the declaration said.
The declaration said the leaders had recalled their“national
positions” on the Ukraine crisis as outlined at forums such as the
UN Security Council and General Assembly.
Addressing a summit alongside the leaders of the four other
countries, Prime Minister Modi said the global economy continues to
be affected by the Covid-19 crisis and cooperation among members of
Brics can bolster post-pandemic recovery.
Noting that the Brics leaders were meeting virtually for the
third consecutive year amid the challenges of the pandemic, he
said:“Although the outbreak of the pandemic has decreased globally
than before, many of its side effects are still visible in the
Speaking in Hindi, he added:“Regarding the governance of the
global economy, we Brics member states have a very similar
approach. So, our mutual cooperation can make a useful contribution
in the global post-Covid recovery.”
Modi said there are many areas where cooperation among Brics
members is benefiting the people, such as the establishment of a
vaccine R&D centre, coordination between customs departments,
establishment of a shared satellite constellation and mutual
recognition of pharmaceutical products.
During the discussions on Afghanistan, the Brics leaders backed
a“peaceful, secure and stable Afghanistan while emphasising the
need for respecting its sovereignty, independence, territorial
integrity, national unity and non-interference in its internal
The declaration said the leaders emphasised the need for all
sides to encourage Afghanistan authorities to“achieve national
reconciliation through dialogue and negotiation” and to“establish
a broad-based and inclusive and representative political
“We reaffirm the significance of relevant UNSC resolutions. We
emphasize that the Afghan territory not to be used to threaten or
attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists, or to plan to
finance terrorist acts, and reiterate the importance of combating
terrorism in Afghanistan,” it added.
The Brics leaders called on Afghan authorities to combat
drug-related crime to free the country from the menace of drugs.
“We stress the need to provide urgent humanitarian assistance to
the Afghan people and to safeguard the fundamental rights of all
Afghans, including women, children, and different ethnic groups,”
the declaration said.
The leaders also said it is imperative to ensure the
availability of safe, efficacious, accessible and affordable
diagnostics, medicines, vaccines and essential medical products to
people of different countries, especially developing nations, and
equitable distribution of vaccines to fill the“immunisation gap”
The leaders strongly condemned all forms of terrorism and said
they are committed to combat terrorism in all its manifestations,
including cross-border movement of terrorists, terrorism financing
networks and safe havens.
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