(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) By Moussa Ahmad
KUWAIT, April 14 (KUNA) -- The 29th Ordinary Summit of the Arab League Council will open in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on Sunday to discuss the formidable threats to the national security of the Arab countries, including the external interferences in their domestic affairs.
The Arab leaders are expected to focus on the Palestine issue, particularly Jerusalem dossier, the situations in Syria, Libya and Yemen, as well as the combat against terrorism.
Since its foundation on March 22, 1945, the Arab League has held 41 summit-level meetings, including 28 regular and 13 emergency ones, in addition to the three thematic meetings on socio-economic development.
Saudi Arabia will be hosting the coming summit for the third time after the extraordinary summit of 1976 and the ordinary one of 2007. This report reviews the main resolutions adopted by the Arab summit meetings over the last 73 years.
The First Extraordinary Summit, held in Inshas city, Sharkiya Governorate, Egypt, in May 1946, reaffirmed the rights of Arab peoples' right to independence and self-determination, and stressed the need to stop the Jewish emigration to Palestine. The conferees decided to join forces against any aggression on Palestine.
Beirut Extraordinary Summit, November 1956, convened in the wake of the tripartite aggression on Egypt and Gaza Strip. The summit affirmed support to Egypt's sovereignty on the Suez Canal and backed the Algerians struggle against the French occupation.
Cairo Summit, January 1964, called for ending the disputes among the Arab countries, launching a single command of the Arab army and uniting the Palestinian people under a single leadership.
Alexandria Summit, September 1964, reaffirmed Arab solidarity with the Palestinian people in their struggle for liberation and decided to launch a joint Arab council for peaceful applications of the nuclear energy.
Casablanca Summit, September 1965, urged commitment to the Charter of Arab Solidarity, supporting the Palestine question, ending the foreign military bases in Arab countries, and curbing the proliferation of nuclear weapons in the Middle East.
Khartoum Summit, August 1967, approved "the three Nos" - no to reconciliation with, negotiation with, and recognition of, Israel.
Rabat Summit, December 1969, called for cessation of hostilities in Jordan between the Palestinian fighters and Jordanian forces and backing the Palestinian revolution.
Cairo Extraordinary Summit, September 1970, reiterated the need of immediate end to the hostilities between the Palestinian fighters and Jordanian forces and backing the Palestinian revolution.
Algiers Summit, November 1973, confirmed the Palestinians' right to regain their occupied territories, foremost among which is Jerusalem, as a prerequisite for peace with Israel, backed the Egyptian and Syrian front in the conflict against Israel, and welcomed Mauritania's membership in the League.
Rabat Summit, October 1974, laid the groundwork of Arab joint action and recognized the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as sole representative of the Palestinian people.
Riyadh Extraordinary Summit, October 1976, urged immediate end to the civil war in Lebanon, stated rejection of any attempts to divide Lebanon and called for setting up a joint committee to oversee the implementation of Cairo accord.
Cairo Summit, October 1976, reiterated the need of cementing the Arab solidarity and contributing to the reconstruction of Lebanon in the wake of the civil war.
Baghdad Summit, November 1978, stated rejection of the Camp David Accords between Egypt and Israel, and decided to suspend Egypt's membership in the Arab League and relocate the League's HQ from Cairo to Baghdad.
Tunis Summit, November 1979, blasted the US bias to Israel in the conflict with the Arab countries.
Amman Summit, November 1980, reviewed the UN Security Council Resolution 242, and called for settling the inter-Arab disputes and ceasefire in the Iraqi-Iranian war.
Fes Summit, November 1981, discussed the Arab draft plan for peace with Israel and reiterated the call for ending the Iraqi-Iranian war.
Fes Extraordinary Summit, September 1982, approved the Arab plan for peace with Israel that envisages Israeli pullout from the occupied Arab territories, including Palestine and Jerusalem.
Casablanca Extraordinary Summit, August 1985, set up two committees to on rapprochement among the Arab countries and called for scaling up support to Palestine and Lebanon.
Amman Extraordinary Summit, November 1987, stated support to Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iraq against the Iranian provocations.
Algiers Extraordinary Summit, June 1988, urged supporting the Palestinian intifada (uprising), denounced the US military aggression on Libya, and called for convening an international conference on Middle East peace.
Casablanca Extraordinary Summit, May 1989, decided allow Egypt to resume its membership in the League and set up a committee on the Lebanese crisis.
Baghdad Extraordinary Summit, May 1990, welcomed the reunification of North and South Yemen and called for release of prisoners of the Iraqi-Iranian war.
Cairo Extraordinary Summit, August 1990, condemned the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, urged immediate pullout from Kuwait, affirmed Kuwait's independence and sovereignty, and approved sending Arab troops to the Gulf region. Cairo Extraordinary Summit, June 1996, approved the launching of the Arab court of justice and the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), and affirmed commitment to peace as a means of settling the conflict with Israel.
Cairo Extraordinary Summit, October 2000, launched a fund for supporting the Palestinian intifada with contributions amounting to USD 200 million and Al-Aqsa fund with a capital of USD 800 million. The Arab leaders also agreed to hold the ordinary summit regularly on an annual basis.
Amman Summit, March 2001, decided to sever ties with any country that could relocate its embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to the occupied city of Jerusalem.
Beirut Summit, March 2002, approved the Arab peace initiative as a means of ending the conflict with Israel.
Sharm El-Sheikh Summit, March 2003, unanimously rejected the US plan to launch war on Iraq.
Tunis Summit, May 2004, urged lifting the blockade imposed by Israel on the occupied Palestinian territories, and agreed to amend the Arab League Charter for the first time since 1945.
Algiers Summit, March 2005, renewed commitment to the Arab peace initiative and approved the launching of an Arab parliament.
Khartoum Summit, March 2006, affirmed respect for Iraq's sovereignty and rejected foreign interferences in its domestic affairs, and approved launching the Arab council of peace of security.
Riyadh Summit, March 2007, reaffirmed support to the right of the United Arab Emirates to regains sovereignty over the three Arabian Gulf islands.
Damascus Summit, March 2008, urged ending the inter-Arab disputes, rejected the US sanctions on Syria, and called for respect for Iraq's sovereignty.
Doha Summit, March 2009, rejected the arrest warrant issued by the International Court of Justice for Sudanese President Omar Al-Bashir, and urged forcing Israel into meeting its obligations under the peace process.
Sirte Summit, October 2010, called for joint Arab action to rescue Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque from the Israeli plots.
Baghdad Summit, March 2012, approved a comprehensive package of reforms in the Arab countries including the political, economic and social aspects.
Doha Summit, March 2013, adopted plan to launch the Arab human rights court and recognized the National Coalition for Syrian Revolution and Opposition Forces (commonly known as the Syrian National Coalition) as legitimate representative of the Syrian people.
Kuwait Summit, March 2014, pledged support for the Arab countries in political and social transition, and urged the UN Secu