By Laman Ismayilova
Archeologists have discovered the remains of an Azerbaijani
khanate ruler, Azernews reports.
As a result of scientific research and a series of genetic
analyzes carried out with the support of the Heydar Aliyev
Foundation, it was found out that the remains discovered in Khan's
Mosque Complex in Shaki belong to the Khan of the Shaki khanate,
Muhammad Hussein Mushtaq.
The basis for this was also the scientific conclusion of the
Institute of Archaeology, Ethnography, and Anthropology. The
studies were carried out in Austria, the UK, Estonia, and Turkiye.
Muhammad Hussein Mushtag was the third Shaki khan (1759-1780). His
rule was significant with his cultural activities as he was
interested in the arts. The Palace of Shaki Khans was one of his
main ambitious projects alongside Shakikhanov's Palace and the
Shaki Khan's Mosque. He also wrote poetry under the pen name
The khan gathered around him talented poets of that time, such
as Shakili Nebi, Shakili Raji, and many others. Since May 2021,
Heydar Aliyev Foundation has been carrying out restoration work in
the Shaki Mosque Complex.
As a result, large slab stones were found under one of the
mihrabs ( a niche in the wall of a mosque, which points to Mecca).
After that, restoration work on this site was immediately
suspended, and archaeologists were involved in the excavation work.
A total of 52 beads found in the grave, as well as bronze rosary
heads, testified that the buried person was a person of high
religious or state status.
Furthermore, scientific research was carried out based on the
excavation results as well as notes of the literary critic, and
collector of medieval manuscripts Salman Mumtaz about Khan
Mushtag's burial under the mihrab of the mosque.
With the support of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation, samples were
taken from fragments of the discovered skeleton and sent for
radiocarbon and genetic analysis to the laboratory of Oxford
University in the UK.
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Tags: heydar aliyev foundation shaki archeological excavations culture archeology history
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