American Homes 4 Rent Reports Second Quarter 2022 Financial ...| MENAFN.COM

Saturday, 20 August 2022 08:09 GMT

American Homes 4 Rent Reports Second Quarter 2022 Financial And Operating Results'


(MENAFN- PR Newswire)

Delivers Over 500 High-Quality and Energy Efficient Newly Constructed Homes

LAS VEGAS, Aug. 4, 2022 /PRNewswire/ -- American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH ) (the 'Company'), a leading provider of high-quality single-family homes for rent, today announced its financial and operating results for the quarter ended June 30, 2022.

Highlights

  • Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 15.4% year-over-year to $361.9 million for the second quarter of 2022.
  • Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $56.6 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $20.1 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2021.
  • Core Funds from Operations ('Core FFO') attributable to common share and unit holders increased 16.0% year-over-year to $0.38 per FFO share and unit for the second quarter of 2022 and Adjusted Funds from Operations ('Adjusted FFO') attributable to common share and unit holders increased 16.8% year-over-year to $0.34 per FFO share and unit for the second quarter of 2022.
  • Core Net Operating Income ('Core NOI') from Same-Home properties increased by 10.2% year-over-year for the second quarter of 2022.
  • Achieved Same-Home Average Occupied Days Percentage of 97.4% in the second quarter of 2022, while generating 14.2% rate growth on new leases.
  • Delivered a total of 529 high-quality and energy efficient newly constructed homes from our AMH Development program to our wholly-owned portfolio and unconsolidated joint ventures in the second quarter of 2022, helping contribute inventory to our country's under-supplied housing stock.
  • S&P Global Ratings upgraded the Company's corporate credit rating to BBB during the second quarter of 2022 with a stable rating outlook.
  • ESG remains a top strategic priority with the July announcement of the Company's investment in Fifth Wall's $500 million climate fund focused on technology and other building solutions working to decarbonize the real estate industry.

'We are pleased to report another quarter of consistent double-digit Core FFO per share growth,' stated David Singelyn, American Homes 4 Rent's Chief Executive Officer. 'As our country's economy heads into uncertain times, the American Homes 4 Rent value proposition remains differentiated by our internal development program and well capitalized, investment grade balance sheet. Combined with the sustained demand backdrop for single-family rentals, we are well-positioned to deliver strong results throughout 2022 and beyond.'

Second Quarter 2022 Financial Results

Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $56.6 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $20.1 million, or $0.06 per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2021. This increase was primarily due to a larger number of occupied properties associated with growth in the Company's portfolio, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents, as well as higher net gains on property sales and lower noncash charges resulting from the redemptions of our Series F perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2022 and our Series D and Series E perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2021.

Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 15.4% to $361.9 million for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $313.7 million for the second quarter of 2021. Revenue growth was driven by an increase in our average occupied portfolio which grew to 54,786 homes for the second quarter of 2022, compared to 52,335 homes for the second quarter of 2021, as well as higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents.

Core NOI from our total portfolio increased 17.0% to $205.0 million for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $175.3 million for the second quarter of 2021. This growth was driven by a 15.6% increase in core revenues resulting from a larger number of occupied properties, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents, partially offset by a 13.3% increase in core property operating expenses.

For the Company's Same-Home portfolio, rents from single-family properties increased 7.7% to $266.1 million for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $247.0 million for the second quarter of 2021, which was driven by an 8.3% increase in Average Monthly Realized Rent per property, partially offset by a 50 basis point decrease in Average Occupied Days Percentage. This growth was further benefited by approximately (i) 30 basis points of contribution from higher fees and (ii) 140 basis points from lower uncollectible rents, which resulted in 9.4% growth in core revenues from Same-Home properties. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 7.9% to $94.7 million for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $87.8 million for the second quarter of 2021. As a result, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 10.2% to $174.4 million for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $158.3 million for the second quarter of 2021.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $153.2 million, or $0.38 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $122.8 million, or $0.33 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2021. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $136.6 million, or $0.34 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2022, compared to $108.7 million, or $0.29 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2021. These improvements were primarily attributable to a larger number of occupied properties associated with growth in the Company's portfolio, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents.

Year-to-Date 2022 Financial Results

Net income attributable to common shareholders totaled $112.5 million, or $0.32 per diluted share, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $50.3 million, or $0.16 per diluted share, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. This increase was primarily due to a larger number of occupied properties associated with growth in the Company's portfolio, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents, as well as higher net gains on property sales and lower financing costs and noncash charges resulting from the redemptions of our Series F perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2022 and our Series D and Series E perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2021.

Rents and other single-family property revenues increased 14.7% to $718.0 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $626.2 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. Revenue growth was driven by an increase in our average occupied portfolio which grew to 54,403 homes for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to 51,980 homes for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, as well as higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents.

Core NOI from our total portfolio increased 16.2% to $402.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $346.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. This growth was driven by a 14.8% increase in core revenues resulting from a larger number of occupied properties, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents, partially offset by a 12.3% increase in core property operating expenses.

For the Company's Same-Home portfolio, rents from single-family properties increased 7.7% to $526.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $488.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021, which was driven by a 7.9% increase in Average Monthly Realized Rent per property, partially offset by a 10 basis point decrease in Average Occupied Days Percentage. This growth was further benefited by approximately (i) 30 basis points of contribution from higher fees and (ii) 130 basis points from lower uncollectible rents, which resulted in 9.3% growth in core revenues from Same-Home properties. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 6.6% to $182.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $171.5 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. As a result, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 10.7% to $348.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $315.0 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $303.0 million, or $0.76 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $239.7 million, or $0.65 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $274.7 million, or $0.69 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2022, compared to $215.0 million, or $0.58 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2021. These improvements were primarily attributable to a larger number of occupied properties associated with growth in the Company's portfolio, higher rental rates and lower uncollectible rents, as well as lower financing costs resulting from the redemptions of our Series F perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2022 and our Series D and Series E perpetual preferred shares in the second quarter of 2021.

Portfolio

Average Occupied Days Percentage was 96.0% for the second quarter of 2022, compared to 96.2% for the first quarter of 2022.

Investments

As of June 30, 2022, the Company's wholly-owned portfolio consisted of 58,715 homes, compared to 57,984 homes as of March 31, 2022, an increase of 731 homes during the second quarter of 2022, which included 315 newly constructed homes delivered through our AMH Development Program and 613 homes acquired through our National Builder Program and traditional acquisition channel, partially offset by 197 homes sold to third parties. As of June 30, 2022, the Company had 955 properties held for sale and 2,046 properties held in unconsolidated joint ventures.

Capital Activities, Balance Sheet and Liquidity

In April 2022, American Homes 4 Rent, L.P. (the 'Operating Partnership'), the entity through which the Company conducts substantially all of its business and owns, directly or through subsidiaries, substantially all of its assets, issued $600.0 million of 3.625% unsecured senior notes with a maturity date of April 15, 2032 and $300.0 million of 4.300% unsecured senior notes with a maturity date of April 15, 2052. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on April 15 and October 15 of each year, commencing on October 15, 2022. The Operating Partnership received aggregate net proceeds of $870.3 million from these issuances, after underwriting fees of approximately $6.5 million and a $23.2 million discount, and before offering costs of approximately $1.7 million. The Operating Partnership used net proceeds from this offering to repay amounts outstanding on its revolving credit facility, for the redemption of its Series F perpetual preferred shares and for general corporate purposes.

In May 2022, the Company redeemed all 6,200,000 shares of the outstanding 5.875% Series F perpetual preferred shares, $0.01 par value per share, for cash at the liquidation preference of $25.00 per share plus any accrued and unpaid dividends.

As of June 30, 2022, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $70.4 million and had total outstanding debt of $4.5 billion, excluding unamortized discounts and unamortized deferred financing costs, with a weighted-average interest rate of 4.0% and a weighted-average term to maturity of 12.9 years. The Company had no outstanding borrowings on its $1.25 billion revolving credit facility and had estimated net proceeds of $488.6 million available from future settlement under the January 2022 forward sale agreements at the end of the quarter. Additionally, the Company has no debt maturities, other than recurring principal amortization, until 2024. During the second quarter of 2022, the Company generated $64.3 million of Retained Cash Flow (defined below) and sold 197 properties generating $61.2 million of net proceeds.

2022 Guidance

Full Year 2022

Previous Guidance

Current Guidance

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$1.53 - $1.59

$1.54 - $1.58

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders growth

12.5% - 16.9%

13.2% - 16.2%

Same-Home

Core revenues growth

7.25% - 9.25%

7.75% - 9.25%

Core property operating expenses growth

4.75% - 6.75%

4.75% - 6.75%

Core NOI growth

8.50% - 10.50%

9.25% - 10.75%

Full Year 2022

Previous Guidance

Current Guidance

Investment Program

Properties

Investment

Properties

Investment

Wholly owned acquisitions

2,000 - 2,400

$0.8 - $1.0 billion

1,500 - 1,900

$600 - $800 million

Wholly owned development deliveries

1,300 - 1,500

$400 - $500 million

1,300 - 1,500

$400 - $500 million

Wholly owned land and development pipeline

$300 - $400 million

$300 - $400 million

Pro rata share of JV and Property Enhancing Capex

$100 million

$100 million

Total capital investment (wholly owned and pro rata JV)

3,300 - 3,900

$1.6 - $2.0 billion

2,800 - 3,400

$1.4 - $1.8 billion

Total gross capital investment (JVs at 100%)

4,100 - 4,800

$1.7 - $2.2 billion

3,700 - 4,300

$1.5 - $2.0 billion

Changes to Full Year 2022 guidance:

  • $0.01 incremental Core FFO per share contribution from increased Same-Home core revenues and NOI growth driven by full year leasing performance slightly ahead of prior expectations.
  • ($0.01) of Core FFO per share offset from our strategically reduced 2022 investment and capital plan. Given current capital market uncertainty and potentially improving future investment opportunities, we have (1) moderated traditional channel acquisition activity and (2) no longer plan to redeem our 5.875% Series G Perpetual Preferred Shares at this time. These modifications will help preserve capital capacity, enabling us to be highly opportunistic as we evaluate all forms of potentially emerging growth opportunities during this changing economic environment.

Note: The Company does not provide guidance for the most comparable GAAP financial measures of net income or loss, total revenues and property operating expenses, or a reconciliation of the above-listed forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures because we are unable to reasonably predict certain items contained in the GAAP measures, including non-recurring and infrequent items that are not indicative of the Company's ongoing operations. Such items include, but are not limited to, net gain or loss on sales and impairment of single-family properties, casualty loss, Non-Same-Home revenues and Non-Same-Home property operating expenses. These items are uncertain, depend on various factors and could have a material impact on our GAAP results for the guidance period.

Additional Information

A copy of the Company's Second Quarter 2022 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package and this press release are available on our website at . This information has also been furnished to the SEC in a current report on Form 8-K.

Conference Call

A conference call is scheduled on Friday, August 5, 2022 at 12:00 p.m. Eastern Time to discuss the Company's financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2022 and to provide an update on its business. The domestic dial-in number is (877) 451-6152 (U.S. and Canada) and the international dial-in number is (201) 389-0879 (passcode not required). A simultaneous audio webcast may be accessed by using the link at , under 'Investor relations.' A replay of the conference call may be accessed through Friday, August 19, 2022 by calling (844) 512-2921 (U.S. and Canada) or (412) 317-6671 (international), replay passcode number 13731291#, or by using the link at , under 'Investor relations.'

About American Homes 4 Rent

American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH ) is a leading single-family property owner, leasing operator, and build-to-rent developer. Recent achievements include being named a 2022 Great Place to Work®, a 2022 Top U.S. Homebuilder by Builder100, one of America's Most Responsible Companies 2022 and America's Most Trusted Companies 2022 by Newsweek and Statista, and a Top ESG Regional Performer by Sustainalytics. We are an internally managed Maryland real estate investment trust (REIT) focused on acquiring, developing, renovating, leasing, and managing homes as rental properties. As of June 30, 2022, we owned 58,715 single-family properties in select submarkets in 22 states. Additional information about American Homes 4 Rent is available on our website at .

Forward-Looking Statements

This press release and the accompanying Supplemental Information Package contain 'forward-looking statements.' These forward-looking statements relate to beliefs, expectations or intentions and similar statements concerning matters that are not of historical fact and are generally accompanied by words such as 'estimate,' 'project,' 'predict,' 'believe,' 'expect,' 'anticipate,' 'intend,' 'potential,' 'plan,' 'goal,' 'outlook,' 'guidance' or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Examples of forward-looking statements contained in this press release include, among others, our 2022 Guidance, our belief that our acquisition and homebuilding programs will result in continued growth and the estimated timing of our development deliveries set forth in the Supplemental Information Package. The Company has based these forward-looking statements on its current expectations and assumptions about future events. While the Company's management considers these expectations and assumptions to be reasonable, they are inherently subject to significant business, economic, competitive, regulatory and other risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the Company's control and could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to conform to actual results or changes in its expectations, unless required by applicable law. For a further description of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, as well as risks relating to the business of the Company in general, see the 'Risk Factors' disclosed in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021, and in the Company's subsequent filings with the SEC.

American Homes 4 Rent

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets

(Amounts in thousands, except share data)

June 30, 2022

December 31, 2021

(Unaudited)

Assets

Single-family properties:

Land

$ 2,177,263

$ 2,062,039

Buildings and improvements

9,888,113

9,258,387

Single-family properties in operation

12,065,376

11,320,426

Less: accumulated depreciation

(2,228,095)

(2,072,933)

Single-family properties in operation, net

9,837,281

9,247,493

Single-family properties under development and development land

1,063,906

882,159

Single-family properties held for sale, net

159,243

114,907

Total real estate assets, net

11,060,430

10,244,559

Cash and cash equivalents

70,375

48,198

Restricted cash

151,790

143,569

Rent and other receivables

38,001

41,587

Escrow deposits, prepaid expenses and other assets

273,039

216,625

Investments in unconsolidated joint ventures

115,172

121,950

Asset-backed securitization certificates

25,666

25,666

Goodwill

120,279

120,279

Total assets

$ 11,854,752

$ 10,962,433

Liabilities

Revolving credit facility

$ —

$ 350,000

Asset-backed securitizations, net

1,899,602

1,908,346

Unsecured senior notes, net

2,492,610

1,622,132

Accounts payable and accrued expenses

498,279

343,526

Total liabilities

4,890,491

4,224,004

Commitments and contingencies

Equity

Shareholders' equity:

Class A common shares ($0.01 par value per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 347,696,494 and 337,362,716 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)

3,477

3,374

Class B common shares ($0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 635,075 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021)

6

6

Preferred shares ($0.01 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 9,200,000 and 15,400,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively)

92

154

Additional paid-in capital

6,734,292

6,492,933

Accumulated deficit

(452,155)

(438,710)

Accumulated other comprehensive income

1,575

1,814

Total shareholders' equity

6,287,287

6,059,571

Noncontrolling interest

676,974

678,858

Total equity

6,964,261

6,738,429

Total liabilities and equity

$ 11,854,752

$ 10,962,433

American Homes 4 Rent

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations

(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)

(Unaudited)

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

2022

2021

Rents and other single-family property revenues

$ 361,876

$ 313,654

$ 717,981

$ 626,227

Expenses:

Property operating expenses

129,270

116,578

262,913

235,272

Property management expenses

28,768

22,416

54,802

46,115

General and administrative expense

18,847

12,793

36,129

27,998

Interest expense

34,801

27,528

62,368

55,533

Acquisition and other transaction costs

7,658

2,968

13,632

7,814

Depreciation and amortization

104,415

91,117

204,369

181,188

Total expenses

323,759

273,400

634,213

553,920

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

32,811

10,760

54,855

26,829

Other income and expense, net

3,627

800

5,946

1,599

Net income

74,555

51,814

144,569

100,735

Noncontrolling interest

8,343

3,218

16,655

8,143

Dividends on preferred shares

4,346

12,615

10,109

26,397

Redemption of perpetual preferred shares

5,276

15,879

5,276

15,879

Net income attributable to common shareholders

$ 56,590

$ 20,102

$ 112,529

$ 50,316

Weighted-average common shares outstanding:

Basic

348,484,158

319,752,730

347,123,576

318,380,175

Diluted

349,002,624

320,808,996

347,751,958

319,408,153

Net income attributable to common shareholders per share:

Basic

$ 0.16

$ 0.06

$ 0.32

$ 0.16

Diluted

$ 0.16

$ 0.06

$ 0.32

$ 0.16

Defined Terms

Average Monthly Realized Rent

For the related period, Average Monthly Realized Rent is calculated as the lease component of rents and other single-family property revenues (i.e., rents from single-family properties) divided by the product of (a) number of properties and (b) Average Occupied Days Percentage, divided by the number of months. For properties partially owned during the period, this calculation is adjusted to reflect the number of days of ownership.

Average Occupied Days Percentage

The number of days a property is occupied in the period divided by the total number of days the property is owned during the same period after initially being placed in-service. This calculation excludes properties classified as held for sale.

Occupied Property

A property is classified as occupied upon commencement (i.e., start date) of a lease agreement, which can occur contemporaneously with or subsequent to execution (i.e., signature).

Recurring Capital Expenditures

For our Same-Home portfolio, Recurring Capital Expenditures includes replacement costs and other capital expenditures recorded during the period that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties. For our total portfolio, we calculate Recurring Capital Expenditures by multiplying (a) current period actual Recurring Capital Expenditures per Same-Home property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding newly acquired non-stabilized properties and properties classified as held for sale.

Same-Home Property

A property is classified as Same-Home if it has been stabilized longer than 90 days prior to the beginning of the earliest period presented under comparison. A property is removed from Same-Home if it has been classified as held for sale or has been taken out of service as a result of a casualty loss.

Stabilized Property

A property acquired individually (i.e., not through a bulk purchase) is classified as stabilized once it has been renovated by the Company or newly constructed and then initially leased or available for rent for a period greater than 90 days. Properties acquired through a bulk purchase are first considered non-stabilized, as an entire group, until (1) we have owned them for an adequate period of time to allow for complete on-boarding to our operating platform, and (2) a substantial portion of the properties have experienced tenant turnover at least once under our ownership, providing the opportunity for renovations and improvements to meet our property standards. After such time has passed, properties acquired through a bulk purchase are then evaluated on an individual property basis under our standard stabilization criteria.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release and the Second Quarter 2022 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package include Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ('FFO attributable to common share and unit holders'), Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Retained Cash Flow, Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI, which are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe these measures are helpful in understanding our financial performance and are widely used in the REIT industry. Because other REITs may not compute these financial measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs. In addition, these metrics are not substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities, as defined by GAAP, as measures of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in this press release and in the Second Quarter 2022 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package.

Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate in accordance with the definition approved by the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts, which defines FFO as net income or loss calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding gains and losses from sales or impairment of real estate, plus real estate-related depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs and depreciation of non-real estate assets), and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures to reflect FFO on the same basis.

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) acquisition and other transaction costs incurred with business combinations and the acquisition or disposition of properties as well as nonrecurring items unrelated to ongoing operations, (2) noncash share-based compensation expense, (3) hurricane-related charges, net, which result in material charges to the impacted single-family properties, (4) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt and (5) the allocation of income to our perpetual preferred shares in connection with their redemption.

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) Recurring Capital Expenditures that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties and (2) capitalized leasing costs incurred during the period. As a portion of our homes are recently developed, acquired and/or renovated, we estimate Recurring Capital Expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual Recurring Capital Expenditures per Same-Home Property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding newly acquired non-stabilized properties and properties classified as held for sale.

We present FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, because we consider this metric to be an important measure of the performance of real estate companies, as do many investors and analysts in evaluating the Company. We believe that FFO attributable to common share and unit holders provides useful information to investors because this metric excludes depreciation, which is included in computing net income and assumes the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. We believe that real estate values fluctuate due to market conditions and in response to inflation. We also believe that Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, provide useful information to investors because they allow investors to compare our operating performance to prior reporting periods without the effect of certain items that, by nature, are not comparable from period to period.

FFO shares and units include weighted-average common shares and operating partnership units outstanding, as well as potentially dilutive securities.

Retained Cash Flow is a non-GAAP financial measure that we believe is helpful as a supplemental measure in assessing the Company's liquidity. This metric is computed by reducing Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders by common distributions.

FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow are not substitutes for net income or net cash provided by operating activities, each as determined in accordance with GAAP, as a measure of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. These metrics also are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund future cash needs. Because other REITs may not compute these measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs.

The following is a reconciliation of net income or loss attributable to common shareholders to FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Retained Cash Flow for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

2022

2021

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

Net income attributable to common shareholders

$ 56,590

$ 20,102

$ 112,529

$ 50,316

Adjustments:

Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership

8,343

3,218

16,655

8,143

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

(32,811)

(10,760)

(54,855)

(26,829)

Adjustments for unconsolidated joint ventures

(199)

449

(570)

831

Depreciation and amortization

104,415

91,117

204,369

181,188

Less: depreciation and amortization of non-real estate assets

(3,113)

(2,605)

(6,105)

(5,393)

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 133,225

$ 101,521

$ 272,023

$ 208,256

Adjustments:

Acquisition, other transaction costs and other

7,658

2,968

13,632

7,814

Noncash share-based compensation - general and administrative

5,932

1,823

9,962

6,165

Noncash share-based compensation - property management

1,132

599

2,131

1,598

Redemption of perpetual preferred shares

5,276

15,879

5,276

15,879

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 153,223

$ 122,790

$ 303,024

$ 239,712

Recurring Capital Expenditures

(15,959)

(13,217)

(27,137)

(22,868)

Leasing costs

(644)

(905)

(1,179)

(1,880)

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 136,620

$ 108,668

$ 274,708

$ 214,964

Common distributions

(72,284)

(37,541)

(144,470)

(74,508)

Retained Cash Flow

$ 64,336

$ 71,127

$ 130,238

$ 140,456

Per FFO share and unit:

FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 0.33

$ 0.27

$ 0.68

$ 0.56

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 0.38

$ 0.33

$ 0.76

$ 0.65

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders

$ 0.34

$ 0.29

$ 0.69

$ 0.58

Weighted-average FFO shares and units:

Common shares outstanding

348,484,158

319,752,730

347,123,576

318,380,175

Share-based compensation plan and forward sale equity contracts (1)

950,033

1,328,529

1,056,319

1,348,541

Operating partnership units

51,376,980

51,376,980

51,376,980

51,520,074

Total weighted-average FFO shares and units

400,811,171

372,458,239

399,556,875

371,248,790

(1)

Reflects the effect of potentially dilutive securities issuable upon the assumed vesting/exercise of restricted stock units and stock options and the dilutive effect of forward sale equity contracts under the treasury stock method.

Core Net Operating Income

Core NOI, which we also present separately for our Same-Home portfolio, is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that we define as core revenues, which is calculated as rents and other single-family property revenues, excluding expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs, less core property operating expenses, which is calculated as property operating and property management expenses, excluding noncash share-based compensation expense and expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs.

Core NOI also excludes (1) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (2) hurricane-related charges, net, which result in material charges to the impacted single-family properties, (3) gains and losses from sales or impairments of single-family properties and other, (4) depreciation and amortization, (5) acquisition and other transaction costs incurred with business combinations and the acquisition or disposition of properties as well as nonrecurring items unrelated to ongoing operations, (6) noncash share-based compensation expense, (7) interest expense, (8) general and administrative expense, and (9) other income and expense, net. We believe Core NOI provides useful information to investors about the operating performance of our single-family properties without the impact of certain operating expenses that are reimbursed through tenant charge-backs.

Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI should be considered only as supplements to net income or loss as a measure of our performance and should not be used as measures of our liquidity, nor are they indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to pay dividends or make distributions. Additionally, these metrics should not be used as substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities (as computed in accordance with GAAP).

The following are reconciliations of core revenues, Same-Home core revenues, core property operating expenses, Same-Home core property operating expenses, Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI to their respective GAAP metrics for the three and six months ended June 30, 2022 and 2021 (amounts in thousands):

For the Three Months Ended June 30,

For the Six Months Ended June 30,

2022

2021

2022

2021

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

(Unaudited)

Core revenues and Same-Home core revenues

Rents and other single-family property revenues

$ 361,876

$ 313,654

$ 717,981

$ 626,227

Tenant charge-backs

(43,137)

(38,014)

(95,409)

(83,809)

Core revenues

318,739

275,640

622,572

542,418

Less: Non-Same-Home core revenues

49,573

29,548

91,002

55,888

Same-Home core revenues

$ 269,166

$ 246,092

$ 531,570

$ 486,530

Core property operating expenses and Same-Home core property operating expenses

Property operating expenses

$ 129,270

$ 116,578

$ 262,913

$ 235,272

Property management expenses

28,768

22,416

54,802

46,115

Noncash share-based compensation - property management

(1,132)

(599)

(2,131)

(1,598)

Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs

(43,137)

(38,014)

(95,409)

(83,809)

Core property operating expenses

113,769

100,381

220,175

195,980

Less: Non-Same-Home core property operating expenses

19,038

12,605

37,407

24,470

Same-Home core property operating expenses

$ 94,731

$ 87,776

$ 182,768

$ 171,510

Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI

Net income

$ 74,555

$ 51,814

$ 144,569

$ 100,735

Gain on sale and impairment of single-family properties and other, net

(32,811)

(10,760)

(54,855)

(26,829)

Depreciation and amortization

104,415

91,117

204,369

181,188

Acquisition and other transaction costs

7,658

2,968

13,632

7,814

Noncash share-based compensation - property management

1,132

599

2,131

1,598

Interest expense

34,801

27,528

62,368

55,533

General and administrative expense

18,847

12,793

36,129

27,998

Other income and expense, net

(3,627)

(800)

(5,946)

(1,599)

Core NOI

204,970

175,259

402,397

346,438

Less: Non-Same-Home Core NOI

30,535

16,943

53,595

31,418

Same-Home Core NOI

$ 174,435

$ 158,316

$ 348,802

$ 315,020

Contact:American Homes 4 RentInvestor RelationsPhone: (855) 794-2447Email: [email protected]

SOURCE American Homes 4 Rent

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