Scientists Identify Wines Based On Their Chemical Fingerprint


(MENAFN- Swissinfo) 日本語 (ja) ワインの「指紋」からワインの産地を特定 ジュネーブ大

  • Share
  • Facebook
  • Twitter
  • E-mail
  • Print
  • Copy link

According to the university, this technology could help to prevent wine counterfeiting.

The researchers have succeeded in identifying red wine by applying artificial intelligence (AI) to existing data. As they showed in a study in the journal Communications Chemistry, 80 wines from seven wineries in Bordeaux, France, and with 12 different vintages (1999-2007) could be identified with an accuracy of 100%.

+ Vintage year for Swiss wines recovering from the doldrums

The AI recognises patterns in the complex mixture of thousands of molecules that make up each wine. The concentrations of these molecules vary from wine to wine. They can be influenced by the smallest differences, such as the grape variety, the nature of the soil on which the grapes were grown or the winemakers' working methods. This creates a kind of chemical fingerprint for each wine.

'Needle in a haystack'

Recognising differences between different wines in these fingerprints, the chemical signature, is like looking for a needle in a haystack, explained study author Alexandre Pouget from the University of Geneva in the press release. According to the researchers, a so-called chromatogram, a chemical analysis of a wine, consists of up to 30,000 different points.

Using AI, the research team from the University of Geneva, together with researchers from the University of Bordeaux, was able to analyse the entire chromatogram of wines and display it in a diagram with two axes.

The diagram then showed clouds of dots, as the researchers explained in the press release. Each of these clouds grouped different vintages of wines from a particular vineyard based on their chemical similarities.

“This allowed us to show that each winery has its own chemical signature,” said co-author Stéphanie Marchand from the University of Bordeaux. In their analyses, the researchers also discovered that the chemical identity of these wines is not determined by the concentration of a few specific molecules, but by a broad chemical spectrum.

Send us your input

Do you have more questions about this story?

Your contribution Our journalists will take your contribution on board for their coverage and may follow up with you via email. If you have questions, get in touch . Your contribution... How we work

This news story has been written and carefully fact-checked by an external editorial team. At SWI swissinfo we select the most relevant news for an international audience and use automatic translation tools such as DeepL to translate it into English. Providing you with automatically translated news gives us the time to write more in-depth articles. You can find them hereExternal link .

If you want to know more about how we work, have a look hereExternal link , and if you have feedback on this news story please write to ...External link .

End of insertion External Content Your subscription could not be saved. Please try again. Almost finished... We need to confirm your email address. To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. Daily news

Get the most important news from Switzerland in your inbox.

Daily

Email

The SBC Privacy Policy provides additional information on how your data is processed.

I consent to the use of my data for the SWI swissinfo newsletter.

Articles in this story

  • Do you have more questions about this story?

In compliance with the JTI standards

More: SWI swissinfo certified by the Journalism Trust Initiative

You can find an overview of ongoing debates with our journalists here . Please join us!

If you want to start a conversation about a topic raised in this article or want to report factual errors, email us at ... .

MENAFN08122023000210011054ID1107559424


Legal Disclaimer:
MENAFN provides the information “as is” without warranty of any kind. We do not accept any responsibility or liability for the accuracy, content, images, videos, licenses, completeness, legality, or reliability of the information contained in this article. If you have any complaints or copyright issues related to this article, kindly contact the provider above.