World Liver Day 2024: Let's Understand Liver Disease, Its Causes, Symptoms, And Risk Factors


(MENAFN- AsiaNet News)

Liver Disease can be linked to a host of causes. Commonly known causes of liver disease
include viral
infections, alcohol abuse and NAFLD. Viral infections such as Hepatitis A or C can cause liver damage. Another cause attributed to liver disease
is abuse of alcohol – this can result in the build-up of fat
and inflammation of the liver.

Non- Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) can also be caused by the accumulation of fat
however, NAFLD is linked to obesity, Diabetes, etc. Prolonged damage to the liver can lead to Cirrhosis. Consumption or Exposure to Tylenol-like acetaminophen or other antibiotics can also cause liver disease
.

Symptoms of liver disease
s in your body to watch out for –

  • Fatigue or weakness that is persistent in nature
  • Constant Tiredness that interferes with daily activities
  • Appearance of Yellow colouring of skin (Jaundice) caused due to bilirubin in the blood
  • Abdominal Swelling, Pain, Discomfort or Distension
  • Reduced interest in eating or loss of appetite
  • Unexplained weightloss
  • Fuild retention causing swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Feeling sick with nausea or vomiting
  • Pruritus also known as itchy skin
  • Tea or darker-coloured urine
  • Spider Angiomas on the upper body
  • Easy bruising of skin
  • Stool that may become light, pale or clay coloured


World Liver Day 2024: Let

Common Risk Factors for Liver Disease include –

  • Obesity – Being overweight can cause Non-alcoholic fat
    ty liver disease
    . Excess fat
  • Cholesterol – This may cause fat
    build-up in the liver, leading to disease
    and other functional problems.
  • Diabetes – Individuals diagnosed with Diabetes, especially Type 2 have a higher risk of developing Liver Disease. Insulin Resistance and other metabolic problems can be a contributing factor.
  • Viral Infections – Infections like the Hepatitis B, C or D Virus that get transmitted through body fluids like blood, semen, etc. Exposure to such infections can increase the risk of Liver Disease and cause liver inflammation.
  • Alcohol Consumption – Execcesive and Prolonged consumption of alcohol can cause alcoholic fat
    ty Liver Disease and makes the body prone to cirrhosis.
  • Unprotected sexual activity- This increases the chances of exposure and transmission of the Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C Virus, from an infected individual.
  • Family Health History – Liver disease
    s like hemochromatosis or Wilson's disease
    may be carried by genes and increase the risk of getting a liver disease
    .
  • Poor diet-Consumption of highly processed foods, such as those full of sugar, can lead to fat
    ty liver. A poorly balanced diet with low fibre, minerals, vitamins, or other nutrients hinders the liver's optimal functioning.
  • Medications – Prolonged use of Certain antibiotics or other drugs may damage the liver.
  • Older Age – Age can be a major risk factor, as the function of the liver decreases – making individuals more prone to the disease
    .

-Approved by - Dr. Rahul Dubbaka, Consultant – Gastroenterology, CARE Hospitals, Banjara Hills, Hyderabad

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