(MENAFN- The Conversation) The achievement of Indonesia's prolific forest fires expert, Bambang Hero Saharjo, in winningthe 2019 John Maddox Prizeshould inspire other environmental experts to share their research findings on courtrooms, despite threats and intimidation, for the sake of the environment.
A professor of forestry and forest fires forensics at Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Bambangreceivedthe prestigious award on Tuesday in London, for sharing his research findings as an expert witness for at least 500 forest fire cases in Indonesia since 2000 despite facing harassment, intimidation and lawsuits.
Indonesia is home to the third-largest tropical forest in the world. Yet forest fires happen almost every year, affecting neighbouring countries like Singapore and Malaysia.
The disaster costs Indonesian government at leastUS$10 billiona year as the haze has caused respiratory problems and forced schools and airports to close.
The annual fires are mostly results of companies' slash-and-burn techniques as they are considered as a cheap way to clear land.
The government has prohibited the practice, yet some firms still do it, forcing the police to file criminal charges against the violators.
The police have investigatedmore than 130 plantation companies and individual farmersfor illegal burning this year.
'It is not just about the numbers of trials he [Bambang] had testified but I know his commitment for environmental law enforcement. I hope this can be example and inspire other scientists on how science have positive contribution for law enforcement. Law enforcement needs science,' said Henri Subagiyo, executive director of Indonesian Centre for Environmental Law (ICEL).
Henri said only few experts were willing to become an expert witness in courts for numbers of reasons. Most of them fear of their own safety, he added
Since 2000, Bambang has already supported police investigation with his research, a role that puts him in theconfronting position from companies behind the fires .
Bambang Hero Saharjo (four from left) receives the 2019 John Maddox for his consistency on using scientific evidence to bring illegal forest fires culprits to justice for the span of 20 years.
He received countless death threats and intimidation. Last year, a palm oil company filedlawsuitsfor his testimonies. The companydropped the lawsuitsfor insufficient documents.
What it takes to put out forest fires
Forest ecologist Basuki Wasis, who is also part ofBambang's investigation team since 2000, said that many scientists could not cope with the immense pressure from a courtroom, especially on environmental cases.
'There's not [many] campuses that would teach you about the [pressure on] courtrooms. I still even feel that fear and nervousness at times in courts. But, there should be more scientists come forward and stand as expert witness to protect our environment,' said Basuki.
We built an app to detect areas most vulnerable to life-threatening haze
Similar to Bambang, Basuki has also become the target of intimidation and harassment by companies they were up against in the courts. He was sued for his testimony against a mining company in Buton Island, Southeast Sulawesi. The lawsuit wasdropped by the court .
'We (scientists) can help, environment is not just about Indonesia, or local, but the whole population in this planet needs to fight for the environment,' he said.
Bambang told The Conversation said that he couldn't believe that he had received the award.
He won the award after defeating 206 scientists from 38 countries.
'What I am doing is simply to restore public rights for healthy environment and one way is by leaning on scientific evidence. This is what I have been doing these times,' he said.
'This prize is a major encouragement for me to keep going. It is just a proof that if we can be consistent in using science the right way then supports will come from anywhere, and this one comes from England.'
Another recipient for this year's John Maddox Prize for early career researcher category isOlivier Bernard , a pharmacist from Quebec, Canada.
Bernard became the target of a smear campaign and received death threats for revealing that high-dose vitamin C injection endorsed by alternative health advocates for cancer patients cannot be proven scientifically.
His action encouraged the government to establish ataskforce to protect scientists who speak on sensitive subjects .
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