By News Center
Finland and Sweden vow to Turkiye that they would not support
the PKK/YPG terrorist organizations, following an agreement reached
between the sides at NATO's Madrid meeting on June 28, Yeni Shafak
As a result of the four-way summit, attended by Turkish
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Finnish President Sauli Niinistö,
Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson, and NATO
Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg, the countries signed a
tripartite memorandum at the IFEMA Congress Center in Madrid, where
the NATO Summit was held on June 28-30.
After a two-stage meeting convened by NATO Secretary General
Stoltenberg, the following conclusions were reached.
Since NATO is predicated on the notions of collective defense
and security indivisibility, as well as shared values, Turkey,
Finland, and Sweden reaffirmed their commitment to the principles
and values inherent in the Washington Treaty (1949).
It was recalled that one of the Alliance's defining
characteristics is unflinching solidarity and cooperation in the
fight against terrorism in all of its forms and manifestations,
which poses a direct danger to allies' national security as well as
worldwide peace and security.
“As prospective NATO Allies, Finland and Sweden extend their
full support to Turkiye against threats to its national security.
To that effect, Finland and Sweden will not provide support to
YPG/PYD, and the organization Turkiye calls FETO. Turkiye also
extends its full support to Finland and Sweden against threats to
their national security. Finland and Sweden reject and condemn
terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, in the strongest
terms. Finland and Sweden unambiguously condemn all terrorist
organizations perpetrating attacks against Turkiye, and express
their deepest solidarity with Turkiye and the families of the
victims,” the memorandum stresses.
According to the document, Finland and Sweden agree that the PKK
is a terrorist organization and pledge to prevent PKK and other
terrorist organizations, as well as their extensions, from carrying
out terrorist acts, as well as acts carried out by individuals
related to these terrorist organizations. Turkey, Finland, and
Sweden have agreed to increase their efforts to oppose and condemn
the operations of these terrorist organizations.
Furthermore, Finland made some amendments to its Criminal Code
'by which new acts have been enacted as punishable terrorist
crimes'. The most recent amendments went into effect on January 1,
2022, broadening the extent of involvement in terrorist
organization operations. At the same time, the public exhortation
to commit terrorist acts became a distinct crime. Sweden, on the
other hand, confirmed that a new, stricter Terrorist Offenses Act
will go into effect on July 1 and that the government is developing
additional counter-terrorism legislation.
The sides all agree that there are no longer any national arms
embargoes between them. In regard to NATO Allies, Sweden is
altering its national regulatory framework for arms transfers.
Finland and Sweden will continue to sell defense equipment in line
with Alliance solidarity under Article 3 of the Washington
It added that Turkiye, Finland, and Sweden agree to develop a
collaborative, structured conversation and cooperation mechanism at
all levels of government, including law enforcement and
intelligence agencies, to improve collaboration on
counter-terrorism, organized crime, and other similar concerns
Moreover, Finland and Sweden vowed to fight terrorism with zeal
and resolve, in conformity with applicable NATO treaties and
policies, and will make every effort to enhance domestic
The Nordic nations promised to react to Turkiye's pending
deportation or extradition requests for terror suspects in a prompt
and thorough way, taking into consideration Turkiye's information,
evidence, and intelligence, and will establish necessary bilateral
legal frameworks to facilitate extradition and security cooperation
with Turkiye, in line with the European Convention on
As stated in paragraph 5, Finland and Sweden will investigate
and prosecute any finance and recruiting operations of the PKK and
all other terrorist organizations and their extensions. The parties
resolve to combat misinformation and prevent their domestic laws
from being exploited to profit or promote terrorist organizations,
particularly via acts inciting violence against Turkiye.
According to the agreement, Finland and Sweden will guarantee
that their separate national legal frameworks for weapons transfers
allow for increased obligations to Allies while also reflecting
their NATO membership status. They also agree to support Turkiye in
its maximum possible engagement in the European Union's Common
Security and Defense Policy initiatives, including its
participation in the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO)
Project on Military Mobility.
To carry out these activities, Turkiye, Finland, and Sweden will
form a Permanent Joint Mechanism, with specialists from the
Ministries of Foreign Affairs, Interior, and Justice, as well as
Intelligence Services and Security Institutions. Others will have
the opportunity to join the mechanism.
Turkiye, for its part, restated its long-standing support for
NATO's Open Door policy and pledged to back Finland and Sweden's
application to join the Alliance at the 2022 Madrid Summit.
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