ISIS Picks Up Terrorist Attacks In Africa - Officials| MENAFN.COM

Tuesday, 05 July 2022 12:27 GMT

ISIS Picks Up Terrorist Attacks In Africa - Officials


(MENAFN- SomTribune)

The Islamic State's regional affiliates in Africa are carrying out lethal attacks at a tempo far surpassing that of the parent organization that once ruled large swaths of Iraq and Syria, Morocco's chief diplomat said Wednesday at a meeting of the global alliance battling the militant group.

Sub-Saharan Africa, home to several branches of the Islamic State , now accounts for nearly half of all deaths worldwide attributed to the terrorist group, Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs Nasser Bourita said.

“We remain lucid on the state of the ISIS threat, which has not diminished,” said Bourita, whose country is hosting a conference of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS. He said that sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 48 percent, or 3,461, of the deaths worldwide attributed to ISIS in 2021.

“Today, 27 terrorist entities based in Africa are registered on the U.N. Security Council sanction list,” Bourita said.“This is a clear indicator of their connections to major global terrorist groups.”

Secretary of State Antony Blinken had planned to attend the meeting here, but canceled after testing positive for covid-19. Victoria Nuland, undersecretary for political affairs, and Yael Lempert, acting assistant secretary for Near Eastern affairs, led the U.S. delegation.

The Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS was established in September 2014 and is composed of 85 states and international partner organizations.

Nuland said in her remarks that ISIS has been considerably weakened in Iraq and Syria, but continues to seek opportunities to reconstitute itself .“From the need for increased humanitarian services for the nearly 60,000 people at al-Hol camp, to developing appropriate solutions for youth in detention, to improving the security solutions for the thousands of foreign terrorist fighters and family members awaiting repatriation to their home countries, there is more work to be done by members of the coalition,” she said.

U.S. officials said they are hoping that European allies will repatriate their nationals from the al-Hol refugee camp in Syria, which officials said has become a center of violence, misery and radicalization.

Nuland also noted that ISIS and other terrorist groups have increased their influence and capabilities in West Africa.

“The United States is committed to working with our partners in West Africa to confront the challenges that have allowed these groups to flourish, among them lack of state legitimacy, persistent rights violations and food insecurity,” she said.“In response to this and other security threats, the United States will spend over $119 million in new assistance in sub-Saharan Africa to improve the capabilities of civilian law enforcement and the judiciary to disrupt, apprehend, prosecute and convict terrorists across the continent.”

Bourita said terrorist groups, once limited to the rural interior, have reached the Atlantic coast in West Africa, threatening shipping routes. And, he said, the kind of piracy that has plagued the Horn of Africa is emerging in the Gulf of Guinea.

The global coalition earlier this year created the Africa Focus Group, led by the United States, Italy, Niger and Morocco.

In recent weeks, the Islamic State's affiliates in West Africa and a northern swath of the continent known as Sahel have carried out several attacks. On May 10, Amaq, a news agency affiliated with ISIS, released a video of fighters executing more than a dozen Nigerian Christians to avenge the deaths of former leaders, according to the SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors terrorist organizations globally.

“While most people in the world are concentrating on the war in Ukraine or covid, ISIS and other militant groups are using the time to gain new strength and build new alliances,” said an Arab intelligence official who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive assessments. The official also warned that the war in Ukraine is leading to food price hikes and hunger in Africa, potentially drawing more people to radical groups. WP —————— * Feature Image : Moroccan Minister of Foreign Affairs Nasser Bourita and Victoria Nuland, the U.S. undersecretary of state for political affairs, hold a joint news conference after a meeting of the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS in Marrakesh, Morocco, on May 11. (Jalal Morchidi/EPA-EFE/REX/Shutterstock)

 

By Souad Mekhennet

Souad Mekhennet is a correspondent on the national security desk. She is the author of“I Was Told to Come Alone: My Journey Behind the Lines of Jihad,” and she has reported on terrorism for the New York Times, the International Herald Tribune and NPR.  Twitter

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