(MENAFN- The Rio Times) Spain's re-elected Prime Minister, Pedro Sánchez, faces a new crisis with his offer of amnesty to Catalan separatists.
This move, sparking protest across Spain, especially in Madrid, highlights the complexities of Spain's political system.
Sánchez's re-election, aided by this controversial legal maneuver, has stirred widespread discontent.
The amnesty deal is crucial for Sánchez's coalition government, comprising seven parties but led by only the PSOE and the left-wing Sumar bloc.
This coalition faces opposition from conservative and neo-Francoist parties, signaling a fragile minority government.
If key coalition partners, like the Basque Nationalist Party , clash with Sánchez's policies, it could lead to government dissolution and yet another election.
The 2017 Catalan independence referendum, deemed illegal and leading to sedition convictions for leaders like Carles Puigdemont, fuels this controversy.
Puigdemont, now in Belgium, faces the potential impact of the proposed amnesty, affecting about 400 people involved in the independence movement.
The amnesty, viewed as a 'necessary evil' by some in Sánchez's party, faces diverse criticism, from accusations of betrayal to concerns about judicial independence and impunity.
Large protests in Madrid and other cities reflect deep-seated unrest.
This situation stems from Spain's intricate state structure, historically marked by repression in regions like Catalonia and the Basque Country.
The transition from Franco's dictatorship to a unitary state with autonomous communities hasn't fully resolved regional tensions.
Spain's model, neither a classic unitary state nor a federation, creates a disjointed national fabric.
In contrast, Germany's federal structure offers a more stable political model.
Adopting federalism, which aligns with Spain's diverse identity, could address ongoing regional and political crises.
The current Catalan amnesty issue underscores the need for a more inclusive, federated Spain that recognizes its multifaceted national identity and internally ensures equal rights and autonomy.
This approach might resolve the present crisis and pave the way for long-term national cohesion.
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