Rates Spark: What Really Happened Yesterday And Will It Reve...| MENAFN.COM

Wednesday, 22 March 2023 04:29 GMT

Rates Spark: What Really Happened Yesterday And Will It Reverse?

(MENAFN- ING) The rally makes sense at the front-end, less so at the long end

Front ends are clearly positioning for a change in the rates cycle. The implication here is central banks are practically done, and the follow on is next big moves, beyond final hikes, are down, especially for the US. That's fine. Typically 2's will average out the path of the official rate in the coming couple of years, and should broadly breakeven against that profile. If you look at the futures profile for the Fed funds rate it gets to 3% in the next 18 months. If that's realized, the straight average over the coming two
years is 4.05%, pretty close to
the current 2yr yield. We have a lower bottom for the funds rate at 2.5%, so in fact that can go lower, below 4% and towards 3.75%.

The bigger issue is the 10yr. It's now at around 3.4%, and at 175bp through 6mth Libor. It has never been stretched further than this over the past four decades. Based off that there should not be huge room to the downside for the 10yr yield. That can change when the Fed stops hiking. But the Fed is still hiking, and even as they hike, financial conditions continue to loosen. The Bloomberg measure suggests that financial conditions are loose in absolute terms. And while Chair Powell brushed this off at the press conference on Tuesday, the reality is falls in long rates will continue to loosen financial conditions. That's a problem for the Fed, or it should be.

So, the rally on the front end is fine, as even as the Fed hikes more, that can also mean bigger subsequent cuts. The back end makes less sense, apart from the simple logic that data confirming easing inflation pressures needs to be rewarded by another nudge lower in yields. We woudn't be doing our jobs if we did not point out that long end rates are stretched like a spring that could easily snap back.

The same can be said of credit spreads, and wider risk assets though,
which further complicates direction for market rates. Can everything sell off at a certain point? It's happened before.

Long end dollar rates are sinking deeper below the front end
Refinitiv, ING
US jobs data key to validating the rally

This week has also pitted central bankers against the data. And it appears that markets are taking their cues more from the latter, seeing the central bank meetings as a final hurdle that a broader market rally in rates had to overcome. And, after all, central banks see themselves as increasingly data dependent these days?

This narrative culminates in the US jobs data release today. Employment creation remains strong for now. Jobs openings data this week pointed to another increase, contradicting the increasingly frequent anecdotal stories of job layoffs, and the jobless claims data looked equally robust this week. But it seems only a matter of time before the job market will start to show first cracks. The ADP payrolls estimate pointing to 106k fits the narrative, though it hasn't nudged the consensus for today's number below 190K.

By itself 190k
should be still too high for the Fed, but likely low enough for markets.
It is too high to give an all clear on inflationarly pressures and justifies a Fed
stance where more hikes are still to come. But with the markets inherently forward looking and in extrapolating mode it would take a notable upside surprise in today's jobs data to turn around market momentum.

The ECB undid one year of struggle to keep real rates positive in one day yesterday
Refinitiv, ING
The ECB's feeble pushback fails to impress

The European Central Bank
hiked by 50bp and committed to another 50bp increase
in March. By
ECB standards that is already hawkish. But as the ECB said it will“then evaluate the subsequent path”, that firmer commitment does not stretch beyond the next meeting.
would have been necessary to counter a market that is increasingly pricing in rate cuts for late 2023 to 2024, bringing along the easing of financial conditions that is counterproductive to the ECB's main goal of bringing down inflation.

The market rally yesterday was mainly a drop in real yields. It had taken a concerted communications effort ahead of the meeting to lift the 5Y real ESTR OIS rate to 40bp. It has now dropped back to 20bp. While still well above pre-December levels of -40bp
we doubt that the this sits well with the majority of the ECB's Council and we may well see post-meeting attempts to straighten the hawkish record.

Reuters reported after the decision that policymakers are seeing 'at least two more hikes', but the caveat is again that the Council is a diverse group and“differences remained about their pace and final destination”. Against this backdrop the ECB may struggle to decouple longer EUR rates from a broader rally led by the USD and GBP, where central banks are closer to their cycle peaks.
But we think a relative underperformance/rise of EUR rates is still probable. And remember, ECB policy rates are still some 200bp below the Fed's and 150bp below the Bank of England's.

Risk assets are large beneficiaries of the ECB lacking hawkish teeth. The 10Y BTP/Bund spread tightened by 19bp and is approaching the 180bp mark again. The ECB's detailed parameters for reducing its asset portfolio yielded little surprises with a proportionate approach to reinvestments being taken. But there had been some speculation that the ECB would rebalance the PSPP portfolio towards Supranationals in the context of 'greening' the portfolio. Some contemplated even that the ECB might already hint at
increased amounts for later in the year. In
hindsight, perhaps a sensible option given the weak perception of rates guidance. At the margin, both would have been detrimental to government bonds and sovereign spreads.

We expect a further convergence of 5Y swap rates
Refinitiv, ING
Today's events and market view

After the three central banks hiked rates
this week
and added
that the fight against inflation was
not over, longer market rates are still net lower on the week, significantly so.
The Fed was reluctant to push back against easing financial conditions, the BoE displayed a dovish tilt and the ECB
fumbled its attempt at being hawkish.

That said valuations are looking stretched, not just because central banks are still not done hiking.
In the US we have an eye on the curve, in the Eurozone 10Y Bund yields are again coming close to the 2% threshold. This is also why the US jobs data will be key in validating the rally, though we do think it would
take a larger upside surprise to halt the current
momentum. Other data to watch is the ISM services which is expected to nudge back above the 50 mark after last month's
downside surprise.

The to-be-expected ECB post-meeting communication and any attempts to salvage the hawkish message
will probably have a more relative impact in this environment than
being able to bring about a turnaround
in outright levels on their own.


Author: Antoine Bouvet, Benjamin Schroeder, Padhraic Garvey, CFA
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