Quotes: MENA   Enter Symbol: NewsLetter: Search: advanced

Oman- New evidence shows Rub al Khali was site of early human settlements  Join our daily free Newsletter

MENAFN - Muscat Daily - 04/05/2014
No. of Ratings : 0
Add to Mixx!


(MENAFN - Muscat Daily) Fresh evidence unearthed by archaeologists from new sites in Rub al Khali has further challenged the theory that the 'great expansion' of modern humans originated in Africa. 

It suggests the expansion happened through Arabia, and that the Empty Quarter, for most of human prehistory, was not so empty after all.

Modern humans first arose about 200,000 years ago in Africa. How they dispersed has long been debated, but geneticists have suggested this exodus started between 40,000 and 70,000 years ago. The accepted theory till 2011 was that the exodus from Africa traced Arabia's shores, rather than passing through its now-arid interiors. New site findings in Dhofar that year by paleolithic archaeologist Jeffery Rose, strengthened by studies in 2013, underscore scope of human presence in south Rub al Khali.

In 2011, Rose, who has researched in Oman for more than a decade and runs the Empty Quarter, in cooperation with the Ministry of Heritage and Culture, surprised the scientific community with findings from over 100 newly discovered Nubian Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites in Dhofar, confirming that modern humans left Africa through Arabia long before genetic evidence suggested and did so by venturing into the Arabian Peninsula instead of hugging its coasts. ''Since 2011 we have mapped approximately 250 Nubian Complex sites in Dhofar, including a new prehistoric culture we call the 'Mudayyan' (after a nearby village, Mudayy) which descends from those first Nubian Complex toolmakers in Arabia. This is significant because it tells us the Nubian Complex survived in southern Arabia, even after the climate dried out some 70,000 years ago, and became the first modern humans to populate the globe,'' said Rose.

In the winter of 2013, Rose's team carried out a preliminary survey in the southern Rub al Khali, in the region around Al Hashman. ''Among a handful of sites from the last million years, we fond a couple of 'findspots' with Nubian Complex artefacts. These findings underscore the scope of human presence in the southern Rub al Khali and it is no surprise that each of these periods of occupation corresponds to a pluvial cycle, in which heightened monsoon activity transformed the Rub al Khali into a savannah grassland dotted with playa lakes.''

These discoveries are just the tip of the iceberg, believes Rose, adding that there is much more to be learned about Oman's earliest past in the heart of the Rub al Khali. ''What all these new discoveries tell us is that the Nubians weren't constrained to Dhofar, but had expanded into the Empty Quarter, and ultimately northward into the deserts of Saudi, Jordan and Syria.''

This has been proven recently by Rose's PhD student Yamandu Hilbert, who has been carrying out archaeological survey in central and northern Saudi Arabia, where he too has found evidence for Nubian Complex toolmakers widespread across the entire Arabian Peninsula.

MSA sites around 106,000 years old

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago.

Nubian MSA artefacts are well known throughout the Nile valley, but this is the first time that such sites have been found outside Africa.

A dating technique called optically stimulated luminescence, which measures how much radiation a mineral has absorbed over time, revealed that the tools are roughly 106,000 years old. This is considerably older than previous biological data that indicated men left Africa between 70,000 and 40,000 years ago

MENAFN0405201401410000ID1093824388

 


Muscat Daily




  MENA News Headlines
 Jan 21 2017 - Joleon Lescott: Sunderland mulling over signing the free agentThe Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) According to reports, Sunderland are considering making a move for veteran defender Joleon Lescott. The former Man City and Everton star, who is now a free agent, ...

 Jan 21 2017 - The Mind of Conte: How Chelsea's fluid front trio tore Leicester apartThe Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Amid all the speculation around Diego Costa and his future at the club, Chelsea produced a convincing performance away to Leicester last Saturday, which was exactly what the ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Williams shocked at deadly Melbourne rampageThe Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Melbourne:Serena Williams Saturday expressed her shock at the deadly rampage at a Melbourne shopping strip, as the Australian Open observed a minute's silence for the ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Syrian refugee, tripped by journalist, 'sad but hopeful'The Peninsula
(MENAFN - The Peninsula) Getafe, Spain: Over a year after arriving in Spain, the Syrian refugee who made headlines when a Hungarian journalist tripped him up as he fled police is still waiting for ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Solar energy in UAE expected to hit low records in 2017MENAFN
(MENAFN) An Emirati senior executive told press that solar energy costs will witness record lows this year in UAE, following two world records set in Dubai and Abu Dhabi last year.Ivano Iannelli, CEO ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Three Egyptian oil firms' budgets endorsed by Finance MinisterMENAFN
(MENAFN) According to Egyptian Petroleum Minister Tarek El -Molla, the planning budgets of three oil firms for financial year 2017/18 have been endorsed.The Minister headed the meeting of general ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Emaar to build new tower in Dubai Creek HarbourMENAFN
(MENAFN) Dubai-based Emaar Properties PJSC will launch Creek Gate, a new residential project in Dubai Creek Harbour next week, registered brokers told Zawya Projects. According to a real estate agent ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Nigeria air strike death toll hits 90Gulf Times
(MENAFN - Gulf Times) The death toll from a botched Nigerian air strike against Boko Haram that hit a camp for displaced people has risen to 90, and could climb as high as 170, Doctors Without ...

 Jan 21 2017 - WEF, UCSB-SBI unveil partnership to protect ocean economyKuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) DAVOS, Switzerland, Jan 20 (KUNA) -- The World Economic Forum (WEF) and the University of California Santa Barbara's Marine Science Institute (UCSB-SBI) on Friday ...

 Jan 21 2017 - Trump has to define America's role in new world order - KissingerKuwait News Agency (KUNA)
(MENAFN - Kuwait News Agency (KUNA)) DAVOS, Switzerland, Jan 20 (KUNA) -- With the international order in place since World War II breaking down, the new president of the United States, Donald J. ...

more...


 





Google

 
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network

MENAFN News Market Data Countries Tools Section  
 

Middle East North Africa - Financial Network
Arabic MENAFN

Main News
News By Industry
News By Country

Search News
Market Indices
Quotes & Charts

Global Indices
Arab Indices

Commodoties

Oil & Energy

Currencies Cross Rates
Currencies Updates
Currency Converter

USA Stocks
Arab Stocks
 

Algeria 
Bahrain 
Egypt 
Iraq
Jordan 
Kuwait 
Lebanon
Morocco 
Oman 
Palestine
Qatar 
Saudi Arabia 
Syria
Tunisia 
UAE 
Yemen

Weather
Economic Calendar
Financial Glossary


Financial Calculators

RSS Feeds [XML]

Corporate Monitor

Events

Real Estate
Submit Your Property

Arab Research
Buy a Research

Press Releases
Submit your PR

Join Newsletters


 
© 2014 menafn.com All Rights Reserved.  Terms of Service | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Advertise | About MENAFN | Career Opportunities | Feedback | Help